Dermatology is the study of skin and people who specialise in areas of skin are called dermatologists. A sub-study of dermatology involves skincare and improving the general appearance of skin for aesthetic purposes. This is studied by people in the cosmetic industry and the people who do so are called skin care specialists or estheticians.

Belonging to the studies related to cosmetics and cosmetology, skin care is almost like the non medical dermatology department. Skin care can be traced back to Ancient Egypt, where men and women irrespective of gender used makeup and cosmetics. They used eyeshadow and kohl for aesthetic purposes, but other skin care products were used for embalming, mummification, burial traditions and honouring their gods and goddesses. Egypt, though the most popular, was not the only place to use cosmetics. Cosmetic products were extensively used in Ancient Greece and Rome. Cosmetics had the same use then as we do today: improve the general quality of skin, reversing effects of the sun on the skin, removing freckles and lightening skin.

Unlike dermatology, the role of a skin care specialist or esthetician is primarily non medical skin care treatment. They typically work at beauty parlours and spas where their services are most likely required.

What Does a Skin Care Professional Do?

An esthetician’s primary role is to provide non medical treatment for the skin. They may be responsible for hair removal treatments or applying makeup. They may advise clients about skin care products and procedures or techniques. Most of the treatments suggested by estheticians are non invasive. In addition to these jobs, an esthetician may also have to disinfect the equipment used during these procedures, and if they are salon owners, oversee staff, skin product inventory and advertising.

Skin Specialist

How Does One Become a Skin Care Professional?

To become a licensed skin-care specialist, one must have studied a state approved cosmetology program. They may also enroll for a post secondary certificate or an associate’s degree. Anatomy of the face and skin care theory are the main topics of study under this course. The course also teaches about skin care products, chemical agents, safety and sanitation techniques, applying makeup, light therapy, as well as how to use specialised equipment and running a salon.

Usually to practice as an esthetician, one needs to have a license issued by the government. Most states have a minimum age restriction and require the applicant to have a formal education in the subject. There are even examinations in certain states to be certified as an esthetician.


Skincare has become a hot topic of today and different cosmetic companies are using the general dissatisfaction of today’s youth to further their skin-care products. Although skin care products like sunscreens and shampoos are quite important, some others are forced down the public’s throat. Try not to be compelled by advertisements and stick to what you feel you require.